The portion of the working class that has been lured by reactionary ideas and/or leaders. Marx called these people, “the dangerous class”, and “social scum”.

Based on the views of Frantz Fanon, The Black Panthers strongly believed that the Lumpenproletariat had the most revolutionary potential among Americans.

“…the brother who’s pimping, the brother who’s hustling, the unemployed, the downtrodden, the brother who’s robbing banks, who’s not politically conscious–that’s what lumpenproletariat means–that if you didn’t relate to these cats, the power structure would organize these cats against you.” – Co-founder of the Black Panthers, Bobby Seale

From The Black Panther Party (reconsidered) by Charles Earl Jones